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Cloud Application Security in Python for AWS (CASEC-PAWS)

Detaillierter Kursinhalt

Day 1

Cyber security basics

  • What is security?
  • Threat and risk
  • Cyber security threat types
  • Consequences of insecure software
  • Cloud security basics
    • Cloud infrastructure basics
    • Cloud architectures and security
    • The Cloud Cube Model
    • Attack surface in the cloud
  • Cloud data security
    • Data confidentiality and integrity in the cloud
    • Data privacy in the cloud
    • Compliance considerations
  • Cloud deployment security
    • Hardening cloud deployments
    • Security of jump boxes
    • Serverless computing and security
  • Cloud security standards and best practices
    • SOC compliance
    • CSA controls
    • Other standards

The OWASP Top Ten

  • OWASP Top 10 – 2017
  • A1 - Injection
    • Injection principles
    • Injection attacks
    • SQL injection
      • SQL injection basics
      • Lab – SQL injection
      • Attack techniques
      • Content-based blind SQL injection
      • Time-based blind SQL injection
    • NoSQL injection
      • NoSQL injection specialties
      • NoSQL injection in MongoDB
      • NoSQL injection in DynamoDB
    • SQL injection best practices
      • Input validation
      • Parameterized queries
      • Lab – SQL injection best practices
      • Additional considerations
      • Case study – Hacking Fortnite accounts
      • SQL injection protection and ORM
    • Parameter manipulation
      • CRLF injection
        • Log forging
        • Lab – Log forging
        • Log forging – best practices
        • HTTP response splitting
    • Code injection
      • Code injection via input()
      • OS command injection
        • Lab – Command injection
        • OS command injection best practices
        • Avoiding command injection with the right APIs
        • Lab – Command injection best practices
        • Case study – Shellshock
        • Lab - Shellshock
        • Case study – Command injection via ping
    • Script injection
      • Server-side template injection (SSTI)
      • Lab – Template injection

Day 2 The OWASP Top Ten

  • A2 - Broken Authentication
    • Authentication
      • Authentication basics
      • Multi-factor authentication
      • Multi-factor authentication best practices
      • Authentication weaknesses - spoofing
      • Spoofing on the Web
      • Case study – PayPal 2FA bypass
      • User interface best practices
      • Lab – On-line password brute forcing
    • Single sign-on (SSO)
      • Single sign-on concept
      • OAuth2
        • OAuth2 basics
        • OAuth2 in practice
        • Best practices
        • Configuration best practices
        • Case study – Stealing SSO tokens from Epic Games accounts
      • SAML
        • SAML basics
        • SAML profiles
        • SAML security
    • Password management
      • Inbound password management
        • Storing account passwords
        • Password in transit
        • Lab – Is just hashing passwords enough?
        • Dictionary attacks and brute forcing
        • Salting
        • Adaptive hash functions for password storage
        • Password policy
        • NIST authenticator requirements for memorized secrets
        • Password hardening
        • Using passphrases
        • Case study – The Ashley Madison data breach
        • The dictionary attack
        • The ultimate crack
        • Exploitation and the lessons learned
        • Password database migration
        • (Mis)handling None passwords
      • Outbound password management
        • Hard coded passwords
        • Best practices
        • Lab – Hardcoded password
        • Protecting sensitive information in memory
        • Challenges in protecting memory
    • Session management
      • Session management essentials
      • Why do we protect session IDs – Session hijacking
      • Session fixation
      • Session invalidation
      • Session ID best practices
      • Session handling in Flask
      • Cross-site Request Forgery (CSRF)
        • Lab – Cross-site Request Forgery
        • CSRF best practices
        • CSRF defense in depth
        • Lab – CSRF protection with tokens
      • Cookie security
        • Cookie security best practices
        • Cookie attributes
    • A3 - Sensitive Data Exposure
      • Information exposure
      • Exposure through extracted data and aggregation
      • Case study – Strava data exposure
      • System information leakage
        • Leaking system information
      • Information exposure best practices
    • A4 - XML External Entities (XXE)
      • DTD and the entities
      • Entity expansion
      • Lab – Billion laughs attack
      • External Entity Attack (XXE)
        • File inclusion with external entities
        • Server-Side Request Forgery with external entities
        • Lab – External entity attack
        • Case study – XXE vulnerability in SAP Store
        • Preventing XXE
        • Lab – Using non-vulnerable parsers

Day 3

The OWASP Top Ten

  • A5 - Broken Access Control
    • Access control basics
    • Failure to restrict URL access
    • Confused deputy
      • Insecure direct object reference (IDOR)
      • Lab – Insecure Direct Object Reference
      • Case study – Authorization bypass on Facebook
      • Authorization bypass through user-controlled keys
      • Lab – Horizontal authorization
    • File upload
      • Unrestricted file upload
      • Good practices
      • Lab – Unrestricted file upload
  • A7 - Cross-site Scripting (XSS)
    • Cross-site scripting basics
    • Cross-site scripting types
      • Persistent cross-site scripting
      • Reflected cross-site scripting
      • Client-side (DOM-based) cross-site scripting
      • Lab – Stored XSS
      • Lab – Reflected XSS
      • Case study – XSS in Fortnite accounts
    • XSS protection best practices
      • Protection principles - escaping
      • XSS protection APIs in Python
      • XSS protection in Jinja2
      • Lab – XSS fix / stored
      • Lab – XSS fix / reflected
      • Additional protection layers
      • Client-side protection principles
  • A8 - Insecure Deserialization
    • Serialization and deserialization challenges
    • Integrity – deserializing untrusted streams
    • Deserialization with pickle
    • Lab – Deserializing with Pickle
    • PyYAML deserialization challenges
    • Integrity – deserialization best practices
  • A9 - Using Components with Known Vulnerabilities
    • Using vulnerable components
    • Assessing the environment
    • Hardening
    • Untrusted functionality import
    • Malicious packages in Python
    • Importing JavaScript
    • Lab – Importing JavaScript
    • Case study – The British Airways data breach
    • Vulnerability management
      • Patch management
      • Vulnerability management
      • Bug bounty programs
      • Vulnerability databases
      • Vulnerability rating – CVSS
      • DevOps, the build process and CI / CD
      • Dependency checking in Python
      • Lab – Detecting vulnerable components
  • A10 - Insufficient Logging & Monitoring
    • Logging and monitoring principles
    • Insufficient logging
    • Case study – Plaintext passwords at Facebook
    • Logging best practices
    • Monitoring best practices
  • Web application security beyond the Top Ten
    • Client-side security
    • Same Origin Policy
      • Lab – Same-origin policy demo
    • Tabnabbing
    • Frame sandboxing
      • Cross-Frame Scripting (XFS) attack
      • Lab - Clickjacking
      • Clickjacking beyond hijacking a click
      • Clickjacking protection best practices
      • Lab – Using CSP to prevent clickjacking

Day 4

Cloud infrastructure security

  • Container security
    • Container security concerns
    • Containerization, virtualization, and security
    • Attack surface of container technologies
    • Container security tools
  • Docker security
    • Docker and security
    • Docker security features
    • Common Docker security mistakes
    • Docker security best practices
    • Hardening Docker
    • Lab – Static analysis of Docker image
  • Kubernetes security
    • The Kubernetes architecture and security
    • Common Kubernetes security mistakes
    • Securing Kubernetes hosts
    • Best practices for Kubernetes access control
    • Building secure Kubernetes images
    • Secure deployment of Kubernetes containers
    • Protecting Kubernetes deployments at runtime
    • Lab – Scanning a Kubernetes image for vulnerabilities
  • AWS security
    • Security considerations
      • AWS and security
      • AWS security features
      • The AWS shared responsibility model
      • AWS cloud compliance
      • AWS hardening
      • Security tools for AWS
    • Identity and access management (IAM)
      • Identity and access management in AWS
      • Access tokens
      • Groups, roles and credentials
    • Data security
      • Data security in AWS
      • Policies
      • Storing cryptographic keys
      • Protecting data at rest
      • Protecting data in transit
    • Detection and monitoring
      • Utilizing AWS monitoring for security
      • Protecting logs
      • The AWS Security Hub

API security

  • Input validation
    • Input validation principles
      • Blacklists and whitelists
      • Data validation techniques
      • Lab – Input validation
      • What to validate – the attack surface
      • Where to validate – defense in depth
      • When to validate – validation vs transformations
      • Output sanitization
      • Encoding challenges
      • Unicode challenges
      • Lab – Encoding challenges
      • Validation with regex
    • Integer handling problems
      • Representing signed numbers
      • Integer visualization
      • Integers in Python
      • Integer overflow
      • Integer overflows in ctypes and numpy
    • Value manipulation
      • Setting manipulation
      • Manipulating critical state data
      • Resource manipulation
    • Open redirects and forwards
      • Case study – Unvalidated redirect at Epic Games
      • Open redirects and forwards – best practices
    • Files and streams
      • Path traversal
      • Path traversal-related examples
      • Additional challenges in Windows
      • Virtual resources
      • Path traversal best practices
    • Format string issues

XML security

  • XML validation
  • XML injection
    • XPath injection
    • Blind XPath injection

JSON security

  • JSON validation
  • JSON injection
  • Dangers of JSONP
  • JSON/JavaScript hijacking
  • Best practices
  • Case study – ReactJS vulnerability in HackerOne

Day 5

Denial of service

  • Denial of Service
  • Flooding
  • Resource exhaustion
  • Sustained client engagement
  • Infinite loop
  • Economic Denial of Sustainability (EDoS)
  • Algorithm complexity issues
    • Regular expression denial of service (ReDoS)
      • Lab – ReDoS in Python
      • Dealing with ReDoS

Cryptography for developers

  • Cryptography basics
  • Cryptography in Python
  • Elementary algorithms
    • Random number generation
      • Pseudo random number generators (PRNGs)
      • Cryptographically strong PRNGs
      • Using virtual random streams
      • Weak and strong PRNGs
      • Using random numbers in Python
      • Lab – Using random numbers in Python
      • Case study – Equifax credit account freeze
    • Hashing
      • Hashing basics
      • Common hashing mistakes
      • Hashing in Python
      • Lab – Hashing in Python
  • Confidentiality protection
    • Symmetric encryption
      • Block ciphers
      • Modes of operation
      • Modes of operation and IV – best practices
      • Symmetric encryption in Python
      • Lab – Symmetric encryption in in Python
    • Asymmetric encryption
    • Combining symmetric and asymmetric algorithms
  • Integrity protection
    • Message Authentication Code (MAC)
      • MAC in Python
      • Lab – Calculating MAC in Python
    • Digital signature
      • Digital signature in Python
      • Lab – Digital signature with ECDSA in Python
  • Public Key Infrastructure (PKI)
    • Some further key management challenges
    • Certificates
      • Chain of trust
      • Certificate management – best practices
  • Transport security
    • Transport security weaknesses
    • The TLS protocol
      • TLS basics
      • TLS features (changes in v1.3)
      • The handshake in a nutshell (v1.3)
      • TLS best practices
      • TLS authentication best practices
      • Lab – Using a secure socket in Python
      • HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS)
      • Lab – Setting HSTS in Python

Wrap up

  • Secure coding principles
    • Principles of robust programming by Matt Bishop
    • Secure design principles of Saltzer and Schröder
  • And now what?
    • Software security sources and further reading
    • Python resources